Vertical Crater Retreat Mining Method

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Underground Mining and Its Methods - BusinessTech

Vertical retreat mining (VRM) is a selective mining method that is used to divide mines into vertical zones. It is also known as Vertical crater retreat (VCR). It divides the mines with a depth of about 50 meters. Open stopping, a bottom-up mining …

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Edumine | Design and Application of Sublevel Stoping …

This course refers to the generic mining method of sublevel stoping. The most commonly used sublevel stoping mining methods are sublevel open stoping, long-hole open stoping or blasthole stoping, and vertical crater retreat (VCR). Variations of this method include vein (Alimak) mining, transverse stoping, Avoca and longitudinal mining. Sublevel stoping accounts for more than 60% of all ...

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Major Mines & Projects | Mopani Operation ( Mufulira …

Underground mining operations started in 1931 with the oldest operating shaft being Central Shaft. The mining methods used include Vertical Crater Retreat ("VCR"), Sub-Level Caving ("SLC"), and Longitudinal Room and Pillar ("RAP"). Mufulira.

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Baselining Vertical Retreat Mining as a Mining Method

VRM is a contraction of "Vertical Retreat Mining", however it has other names as well - as sophisticated as "Vertical Crater Retreat" or "VCR" or simply called "Inverted Crater Blasting". In 1983, it was called "an achievement of the last decade and is practiced in mines in Australia, Europe, Central America, and the U. S.

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Vertical crater retreat mining in the Sudbury Basin ...

The safety aspect of vertical crater retreat mining has been of concern, and was the focus of a provincial inquiry. The benefits in improved safety are demonstrated through an analysis of various records kept by the mines and provincial agencies. Future trends can now be …

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Handout10_Vertical Crater Retreat Method_word ...

Handout10_Vertical Crater Retreat Method crater 46 active volcano 47 extinct volcano 48 ...revolution 10. evolution 10. solar power 11. ...handout OHP(overhead projector) interview ...

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12. Mining methods and method selection

12.4 Underground mining method •Vertical crater retreat (VCR) stoping-Applied to the cases where conventional shrink stopingis feasible although narrow orebodywidth (< 3 m) may not be tractable, or to the cases where sublevel development is difficult or impossible.-Use of long and subverticalblast holes eliminates the need for entry of

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Vertical Crater Retreat | PDF | Mining | Science

Vertical crater retreat (VCR) mining is a method originally developed by the Canadian. mining company INCO. Today, VCR is an established mining method used by mines all over the world that. have competent, steeply dipping ore and host rock. VCR is based on the crater blasting technique in which powerful explosive charges are.

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Vertical Retreat Mining (VRM) or Vertical Crater Retreat …

VRM is a contraction of 'Vertical Retreat Mining', however it is also known as 'Vertical Crater Retreat' or 'VCR' or sometimes simply called 'Inverted Crater Blasting'. In 1983, it was called 'an achievement of the last decade' and is practiced in mines in …

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(PDF) Shrinkage stoping and Vertical Crater Retreat stoping

8. VCR - V ertic al Cra ter R etr eat. V ert ical Crater Retreat (VCR) or V ertical Retreat Stoping: configuration method in stopes where drilling large diameter is used to. …

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Vertical Crater Retreat - digistar..ca

Vertcial crater retreat is a comparatively new method of blasthole mining in which only large diamter ITH holes are used to blast down horizontal slices of ore into an opening below the block of ore being mined. The method on the 'cratering' effect of an explosive charge being blasted close to the end of the hole.

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VERTICAL CRATER RETREAT - researchgate.net

VCR MINING. Vertical crater retreat (VCR) mining is a method originally developed by the Canadian mining company INCO. Today, VCR is an established mining method used by mines all over the world ...

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Geotechnical aspects of vertical crater mining method in a ...

Vertical Crater Retreat is compared to other open stoping methods. Various geotechnical factors have been considered including the effects of stress concentration, jointing, dynamic stresses superimposed by blasting vibrations, amount of development required and shrinkage draw. All these factors favour a VCR method in a deep mining environment.

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VCR_

VCR(Vertical Crater Retreat mining method)[1-2],1974,,。

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Vertical Crater Retreat: an Important New Mining Method

INTRODUCTION The introduction of 165-mm (61/z-in.) holes to underground mining operations has made possible the application of Canadian Industries Ltd's (CIL) vertical crater retreat (VCR) mining method, illustrated in the accompanying sketches.

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Vertical Retreat Mining (VRM) or Vertical Crater Retreat …

Background. VRM is a contraction of 'Vertical Retreat Mining', however it is also known as 'Vertical Crater Retreat' or 'VCR' or sometimes simply called 'Inverted Crater Blasting'. In 1983, it was called 'an achievement of the last decade' and is practiced in mines in Canada, Australia, Europe, Central America, and the U.S.

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Lesson 8.3: Mining by Unsupported Methods | ABC 123 ...

The name of this method derives from this drawing off or shrinkage of the stope. A modern and important variant of this method is known as vertical crater retreat (VCR) mining. A few examples of commodities mined by this method include iron and palladium. Open stoping. This type of mining is used to recover steeply dipping orebodies in ...

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The Best Methods for Underground Mining - Industry Tap

The vertical crater retreat mining method is also known as VCR mining. This mining method precipitously dips strata for mineralization. This method blasts rocks with total and heavy charges with a large diameter of 165 mm. VCR's blasting creates a cone-shaped opening in the targeted rock mass to let the materials be mined quickly.

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Monitoring of Vertical Crater Retreat Mining Method in …

The Blasting Test and Blasting Vibration Monitoring of Vertical Crater Retreat Mining Method in the Luohe Iron Geotechnical and GeologicalPub Date :, DOI: 10.1007/s10706-016-0025-7 Zhenbin Rao,Sijing Cai

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Vertical crater retreat mining in the Sudbury Basin ...

Vertical crater retreat mining in the Sudbury Basin. Min. Sci. Technol., 13: 131-143. Faced with rising costs and lower metal prices, several Ontario base metal sulphide mines have changed their method of mining to vertical crater retreat mining. This is a bulk mining method that utilizes large diameter holes and mines successive cuts remotely ...

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The Blasting Test and Blasting Vibration Monitoring of ...

The blasting test on the vertical crater retreat mining method and the blasting vibration were analyzed. It is estimated if the vibration damage possibly the surface buildings and related facilities of mine. Introduction. The initial design scheme of the Luohe iron mine was sub-level caving mining. In the collapse area, the requisition of lands ...

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Study on the long-hole raising technique using one blast ...

This method is called vertical crater retreat (VCR) or vertical retreat mining (VRM) method. VCR method has been an established mining method being practiced in various mines all over the world [8]. An offshoot of this mining method is the VCR drop-raising technique that employs

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Vertical Crater Retreat Mining Method - mode-design …

Vertical Crater Retreat Mining In The Sudbury Basi. Faced with rising costs and lower metal prices several ontario base metal sulphide mines have changed their method of mining to vertical crater retreat mining this is a bulk mining method that utilises large diameter holes and mines successive cuts remotely by blasting and cratering the bottom of the drill holes the orebody is mined

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Shrinkage and Vertical Crater Retreat Stoping

Shrinkage and Vertical Crater Retreat Stoping 1. Hassan Z. Harraz [email protected] 2014- 2015 This material is intended for use in lectures, presentations and as handouts to students, and is provided in Power point format so …

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Vertical Crater Retreat - VSIP.INFO

Vertical Crater Retreat Blasthole mining is a general term applied to mining methods that employ long hole drilling for the production of ore. In most Blasthole methods the ore is blasted into a vertical opening.

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Underground mining (hard rock) - WikiMili, The Best ...

VRM/ VCR: Vertical retreat mining (VRM) also known as Vertical crater retreat (VCR) is a method where mine is divided in vertical zones [clarification needed] with depth of about 50 meters using open stoping, bottom-up mining.

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A new model for mining method T selection of mineral ...

vertical crater retreat mining (VCR), strip mining and novel extraction methods such as hydraulic mining and borehole mining. Moreover, underground methods such as longwall may be performed in the retreat or advance mode and the ground control may be performed by caving or filling. Therefore choices in the mining method selection process are

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Vertical crater retreat - QueensMineDesignWiki

Vertical crater retreat (VCR), also known as Vertical retreat mining, is an open stoping, bottom-up mining method that involves vertically drilling large-diameter holes into the orebody from the top, and then blasting horizontal slices of the orebody …

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MNG Quiz 4 Flashcards | Quizlet

This method is used when host rock is reasonably competent and orebody is steeply dipping. Broken ore is left in place to support the walls of the stope until all of the broken ore is removed. An important varient of this method is known as vertical crater retreat (VCR) mining. Commodities mined by this method include iron and palladium.

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NPTEL :: Mining Engineering - NOC:Underground Mining …

Lecture 53 : Vertical Crater Retreat Method â€" I: Download: 54: Lecture 54 : Vertical Crater Retreat Method â€" II: Download: 55: Lecture 55 : Sublevel Caving â€" I: ... Lecture 27 : Selection of Mining Methods - II: PDF unavailable: 28: Lecture 28 : Selection of Mining Methods - III: PDF unavailable: 29: Lecture 29 : Selection ...

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VCR Method_2018.pdf - MINE 411 Underground Mining …

MINE 411 Underground Mining Methods & Equipment Course Instructor: Prof. Raymond S. Suglo Students: UMaT BSc. III 1 VERTICAL CRATER RETREAT (VCR) MINING METHOD The Vertical Crater Retreat (VCR) method is basically an open stoping method which resembles shrinkage stoping. It was developed in Canada. Area of Application The VCR method is used in mining steeply dipping narrow …

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Major Mines & Projects | Pilar (Caraiba) Mine

The Pilar UG Mine has previously employed the following mining methods: Sublevel Stoping, VRM and Vertical Crater Retreat ("VCR"). VRM is the method currently employed, whereby ore is removed from the stope after it is blasted and cemented paste backfill is pumped into the mined stopes to ensure geotechnical stability prior to advancing to ...

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